Happiness is so complex and often difficult to define. The topic of happiness has been popular and widespread among philosophers and psychologists for a long time, and now the perspectives of happiness developed within these disciplines are finding their way into the modern economic landscape. In recent times, economic growth has been the metric that governments and organisations have used to measure happiness. However using a metric like GDP, which is quantitative in nature, is incomplete and potentially harmful. GDP only measures a partial amount of economic activity and increases the risk for inequality. People don’t like inequality, and there…


Why do men and women think differently, express emotions in different ways and exhibit differences in behaviour? These common questions arise in everyday contexts, such as in family dynamics, workplace settings and through our general day-to-day interactions with one another. The area of gender difference has been a controversial topic of debate in the last half-century, as we see shifts in the roles of gender and how they play out in work and life. Nevertheless, to what extent do these differences occur in the 3-pound object we refer to as the human brain? Researchers have been exploring this frontier for…


If you want to stop a behaviour that is unfavourable, you must first understand why you’re engaging in that behaviour to begin with. How many times have you said to yourself, “I need to stop seeking the approval of others”, or, “I need to be more assertive”, or, “I need to learn how to start setting boundaries” ?

Chances are, you made the vow to stop a particular behaviour only to catch yourself engaging in that same behaviour a few hours later.

The thing about behaviour is, the more we engage in them, the more automatic they become. If we…


The outbreak of COVID-19 has seen huge disruptions on a global scale. It has changed the way we do our work, how we interact with one another and has shaped our perceptions of reality on a collective level. This pandemic has claimed the lives of 2 million people worldwide and has had large implications on global economics, politics and public health.

It is no secret that this pandemic has “rocked the boat” in many ways, but what is not so clear is how this pandemic has changed the way we feel. …


Hypnotherapy is one of the oldest forms of psychotherapy in the West. When we think of hypnosis, we might associate it with people dancing like chickens on stage. Generally speaking though, hypnosis is all about focusing attention on positive imagery.

Hypnosis is the tool, and hypnotherapy is the use of this tool in a therapeutic context. In America, the clinical use of hypnotherapy has been around since 1961, when the American Psychiatric Association approved it as a form of therapy to treat mental illness.

I’ll tread carefully by pointing out that there is still insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of…


The neurotransmitter of dopamine is probably one of the more well-known modulators to the mainstream because it is associated with many diseases such as Parkinson’s, Schizophrenia and ADHD.

In the case of illicit substances such as marijuana, also known as “dope, “ it gets its street name in reference to its effects on the brain’s reward system.
Dopamine is strongly associated with reward, pleasure and motivation. Dopamine can be released in the brain just at the thought of receiving a reward. In drug use, people have reported feeling rewarded before they even ingest their drug of choice. …


Cognitive behavioural therapy is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps in identifying and changing these distorted thought patterns by replacing them with more logical ones, providing the space for more objectivity.

There are so many methods for treating mental disorders, however most of these methods are still ridiculously unaffordable. Which is quite unfortunate, because depression is one of the most debilitating diseases on the planet today.

If treatments like TMS, hypnosis, and DBT were more affordable, I would make getting treatment my full time occupation. …


The antidote to negative emotion, showing gratitude is known to release dopamine and serotonin in the brain — the neurotransmitters associated with feelings of pleasure, motivation and joy.

It’s thought that something like depression comes with the inability to experience positive emotion, however neuroscience says otherwise. People who suffer from depression are capable of experiencing positive emotion, however unlike the healthy brain, they are incapable of sustaining these positive emotions.

Research suggests that the more you practice gratitude, the more you strengthen the necessary neural circuitry involved with these positive emotions. …


Studies suggest that journaling can strengthen the immune system, lower blood pressure and aid in sleep quality. It has been shown that reflective journaling can reduce anxiety, depression and stress, mainly when your journaling is structured around other therapeutic techniques as CBT — cognitive behavioural therapy.

Perhaps one of the best benefits of journaling is that it can help reduce the amount of time spent in rumination and provides the space for methodical planning and action-taking. Journaling can also be done by showing gratitude, which is another potent tool for mental and emotional well-being.

I began journaling a few years…


Dark chocolate has to be one of my favorite brain foods. That’s not a big feat considering dark choc is in competition with other brain foods like leafy greens, broccoli and fish. That’s not to say that those things aren’t delicious, it’s just that dark chocolate takes the cake any day of the week (pun intended).

I have always loved my chocolate, but I must say I have started to enjoy it even more since switching to a 50% dark chocolate blend. I feel a lot better after consuming a 50% blend than how I might feel if I were…

Christopher Tabet

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